Authors A - Z
Titles A - Z
ISBN 978-1-949966-03-9 280 pages $18.00
The President of the United States is hereby authorized and directed to designate and appoint three commissioners to negotiate with the Chippewa Indians in the State of Minnesota for the complete cession and relinquishment of all their title and interest and such cession and relinquishment shall be deemed sufficient if made and assented to in writing by two-thirds of the male adults over eighteen years of age of all the Full-blood, Chippewa Indians in Minnesota and for the purpose of making the allotments and payments hereinafter mentioned, the said commissioners shall make an accurate census of each tribe or band, classifying them into male and female giving the exact numbers of each and the blood quantum of each, and making such census in duplicate and the acceptance and approval of such cession and relinquishment shall be deemed full and ample proof of the assent of the Indians, and shall operate as a complete extinguishment of the Indian title. We, the undersigned, do hereby certify and declare that we have heard, read, interpreted, and had thoroughly explained to our understanding, “An act for the relief and civilization of the Chippewa Indians in the State of Minnesota” and have accepted and ratified the same, and do hereby grant, cede, relinquish, and convey to the United States all our right, title, and interest as is not embraced in the following described boundaries to wit: Commencing at the point between and, thence easterly northeasterly to a point due north of a point one mile east from the easterly end thence due South to the last-named point, thence southwesterly in a straight line to a point thence south to a point from which a line extending west passes thence west along said line thence northwesterly to the place of beginning
—White Earth, 1867
Peter Grandbois is the author of nine previous books, the most recent of which is Kissing the Lobster (Spuyten Duyvil, 2018). His poems, stories, and essays have appeared in over one hundred journals. His plays have been performed in St. Louis, Columbus, Los Angeles, and New York. He is a senior editor at Boulevard magazine and teaches at Denison University in Ohio. You can find him at www.petergrandbois.com.